Repotting a croton can result in leaf drop, but you can minimize shock to the plant by only repotting in mid or late spring. In colder locations, it is best to grow croton plants in containers so that they can be transported indoors when outdoor temperatures become too extreme. To measure the humidity around the croton, you can use a device called a hygrometer. Wear gloves when pruning to protect your hands from irritation caused by the sap. Keep crotons away from cold drafts. To care for a croton plant, keep it in a spot that gets 6-8 hours of bright sunlight every day. There’s a croton variety out there for every color and leaf-shape preference! I’m hoping you can give me some pointers. Soil & Fertilizer. You can fertilize the soil with a quality granular fertilizer 3 times a year – once each in spring, summer, and fall. Crotons are usually quite tough so keep your fingers crossed. In fall and winter. The Andreanum is a 3-feet-tall plant with oval-shaped leaves in hues of copper to red with yellow margins and veins. The best fertilizer for crotons is one that's high in nitrogen and potassium, such as an 8-2-10 mix, because these chemicals help plants grow strong stems and leaves. Fertilize garden-grown croton plants using a complete, balanced slow-release granular fertilizer formula with a guaranteed analysis of 10-10-10 three times a year beginning in the spring, again in the summer and again in the fall. This is generally easy to treat. If your plant is outside all the time, during the early fall use a higher nitrogen fertilizer, after that time only use a fertilizer with higher phosphorus and potassium(potash). Crotons that get too much direct sunlight may end up with scorched leaves. If so, may be time to repot. ", will be moving it today to a brighter, less drafty location. Reduce watering and wait for the soil to be dry before watering again. Try not to use a lot, as coffee grounds hold in a lot of moisture and can become moldy. Spread the fertilizer out over the entire pot, if the croton is potted. In spring is the time to repot. Lauren Kurtz is a Naturalist and Horticultural Specialist. Turn the croton on its side and gently slide it out of its container. Reply. lets use the low range of 1500 lbs of Nitrogen. These are available at home, garden, and department stores. Thank you. Crotons can be difficult to grow because they have very specific requirements when it comes to light, water, temperature, and humidity, and because they don't like to be moved. wikiHow marks an article as reader-approved once it receives enough positive feedback. Organic/natural fertilizers, on the other hand, don’t feed the plants directly but rather add essential nutrients to the soil where they become available to the plants, more slowly, over time. Potting and Repotting . 1500-2000 Lbs of Nitrogen, for every acre, per year. You should prune the plant only if it loses many leaves after the winter. Fertilizer – Fertilizing croton plants will encourage growth in these plants, but there is no need to feed them more than once a month. Over time, you may notice that you are watering more frequently, or that your plant isn’t as perky as it used to be. Remember that if you want to stop the growth, repot to the same size pot. When propagating crotons from stem cuttings, be sure that the bottom of the stem cutting is cut at a 45-degree angle and just above a node. Always choose a pot with good drainage holes to prevent overwatering. During active growing periods in spring, summer, and early fall, feed the plant every month by adding a liquid or powder fertilizer to the water before watering. Watering: Water it regularly and don’t let the soil dry out. In our south Florida calcareous high Ph soil crotons suffer from micronutrient deficiencies. % of people told us that this article helped them. Crotons need about 6 to 8 hours of bright, indirect sunlight every day to maintain their health and colors. References If the plant is exposed to temperatures lower than 60 degrees Fahrenheit it may result in leaf loss or death of the plant. Spiral-leafed croton plants have foliage that twists and swirls into spiral formations. These tropical plants love plenty of water, but it's important to have moist, damp soil rather than soggy or wet soil. I generally put palm fertilizer down for all my plants, it works well. During dormancy periods in late fall and winter, cut back on watering and let the soil dry out to a depth of 1 inch (2.5 cm). Repeat every few days as necessary until the mites are gone. You will see later that this is where the new roots will come from. The trick with growing these plants is to find an ideal location where the plant will thrive, and to avoid moving it. Crotons thrive in warm weather, but they do not tolerate hard frosts well. A croton will not likely survive in cooler climates where the temperature gets lower than 40 °F (4 °C). unlocking this expert answer. How do I correct my croton plant's horizontal growing without breaking the limbs? It likes the direct sunlight and has done well in that location. Their slow growth rate also means little pruning is required, and they are naturally compact if grown in the right position. Top-dress the soil each year with one or both of these soil amendments to feed basic and trace nutrients to the roots. I believe that range is based on light levels and temperature. To find your hardiness zone, you can look up a hardiness zone finder online. Will a croton plant thrive indoors in bright indirect light? If you do move your croton inside and outside depending on the season, be prepared for the leaves to drop. The beautiful leaves of the croton are also used to enhance floral arrangements. Crotons are true tropical plants and perform best at 50-90 degrees. They can be grown outdoors in warm and humid climates, but otherwise, it's best to grow them as houseplants or seasonal additions to your landscape. Common diseases that infect croton In the fall and the winter, wait until the soil is dry before watering. Crotons are classified according to the shape of their leaves, a handy way for gardeners to look at these plants. Combine 1 cup eggshell tea to 1 gallon of water and thoroughly water plants. Remove the top 3 inches (7.6 cm) of soil each spring and replace it with fresh potting soil. ", "Simple easy to follow instructions! Crotons tolerate all types of soil: acidic, neutral or alkaline, but a well-drained soil is a must. Last month we moved about 300 miles. If you live in hardiness zones 10 and 11, such as southern Florida, you can skip the container if you want to plant the croton directly into the garden. I have 3 crotons. At 40 degrees the plants will enter dormancy and stop most growth. This Euphorbiaceae family plant originates from tropical regions throughout Asia, Australia and Pacific Islands. Native to humus-rich tropical soils, croton require amended planting soil and regular fertilization during the growing season by either slow- or quick-release fertilizer. When new growth starts the following year, remove another third of branches until you've reached the desired growth habit. Use a container only one size larger than the plant's current container. Add another handful of 5IN1 to the soil surface and water thoroughly. My croton plant leaves are less red and brighter and brighter yellow at the top. Ph levels higher than this are highly discouraged, for instance in rock-soils, because they contain high levels of calcium. Instead of repotting the plant, you can also top dress it to keep it healthy. A good fertilizing landscape fertilizer such as 8-2-12 3 times per year oor every 4 months will keep crotons popping with color. For example, if you have the very popular croton petra variety, you could check specific. Alternatively, blast the plants with a sharp stream of water once a week to control infestation. {"smallUrl":"https:\/\/www.wikihow.com\/images\/thumb\/8\/8b\/Care-for-a-Croton-Plant-Step-01-Version-2.jpg\/v4-460px-Care-for-a-Croton-Plant-Step-01-Version-2.jpg","bigUrl":"\/images\/thumb\/8\/8b\/Care-for-a-Croton-Plant-Step-01-Version-2.jpg\/aid5515632-v4-728px-Care-for-a-Croton-Plant-Step-01-Version-2.jpg","smallWidth":460,"smallHeight":345,"bigWidth":728,"bigHeight":546,"licensing":"

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\n<\/p><\/div>"}. To be certain, examine the drainage holes. For the best color development crotons should receive good light but have some protection from full midday sun. Codiaeum Mammy thrives in well-draining soils with the soil pH level ideally between 4.5-6.5 pH. It is possible to grow crotons outdoors, but only in warm climates with high humidity levels. Though crotons like slightly moisture soil, they don’t like “wet feet”. ", Unlock expert answers by supporting wikiHow, http://www.gardenloversclub.com/houseplants/croton/growing-croton-plants/, https://davesgarden.com/guides/articles/view/2889, https://www.gardeningknowhow.com/houseplants/croton/growing-croton-outdoors.htm, http://www.thegardenhelper.com/croton.html, http://www.gertens.com/learn/Annuals-Perennials/crotons.htm, https://www.ourhouseplants.com/plants/croton, http://www.guide-to-houseplants.com/croton.html, https://dengarden.com/gardening/Caring-for-Croton-Rushfoil, consider supporting our work with a contribution to wikiHow. This article has been viewed 123,579 times. Crotons grow slowly. requirements. All Rights Reserved. If none of these appeal to you, don’t stop looking. As it is getting cooler, the plant may just remain dormant and may not do much until it warms up again in September. If I move them indoors, what size grow lights should I use if direct sunlight would be limited? Support wikiHow by Add green plant liquid fertilizer every 8 to 15 days during the growing phase. For over 25 years Harts Nursery has provided a large range of quality indoor, patio and new exotica outdoor plants and specialise in sourcing and promoting … I was wondering what you all do for your crotons in terms of fertilizer? Is full spectrum light too close or too long? Arno. She earned a BA in Environmental and Sustainability Studies from Western Michigan University in 2014. At 32-35 degrees some cultivars will drop leaves, especially in a windy, unprotected spot. This article was co-authored by Lauren Kurtz. Crotons are acid- loving plants like azaleas and gardenias, says Bender, who suggests using an acid-producing fertilizer three times a year. If you live in a cooler or drier climate, grow your croton inside where you can control the environment. Fertilizer . Crotons like a 3:1:2 ratio NPK fertilizer. fertilization and all details about caring for the plant. Fertilize your indoor-growing croton plants once a week at watering time using a water-soluble general-purpose plant food with a guaranteed analysis of 10-10-10. Stop adding fertilizer. The ideal soil for crotons is a rich and well-draining soil that's full of nutrients. The method works better when applied during the spring. Lauren Kurtz is a Naturalist and Horticultural Specialist. Watering Needs: Indoor croton plants should be watered only when the top of the soil is dry to the touch. Copyright Leaf Group Ltd. // Leaf Group Lifestyle. Monitor water levels, watering only when the top of the soil is dry to the touch. With myriad fertilizers available, keeping the different numbers and uses straight can be challenging. Approved. It probably gets about 6 to 8 hours of direct sunlight, which is from early morning until late afternoon. Hopefully by now natural rainfall and leaching may have helped. Pictum; Dr. Leonard Perry. Love it!". They don’t need overly wet soil though. "It is the first time to get croton, so I got all information about this plant, the soil, location, watering, "It was very helpful to know how much to water and why my new leaves have no color (just a nice shade of green). I want to know how many ounces of fertilizer i need to add to my Croton in a container. Photo by Nan Schiller. Crotons are houseplants that normally have variegated leaves with shades of yellow, red, and green. This article has been viewed 123,579 times. Understanding the Basics about N-P-K. Crotons kept in shady areas don't produce the same colorful leaves. Spring is the best time for repotting, as your plant is feeling especially vigorous. Mix plenty of 5IN1 Organic Fertiliser into the soil, plant the croton and fill, firming gently around the roots. This will keep your plant as healthy as possible. Spray the leaves on a regular basis with calcium-free water. What should I do when my croton plant suddenly stops growing? Did you know you can read expert answers for this article? They are prized for their brightly-colored, glossy and varied leaf patterns. Also its age: you can estimate if you need to repot if you see growth signs. Apply around the base of the plant in keeping with the product dosing directions and water in well until the soil is drenched after application. Don't feed the plant during dormancy periods during the late fall and winter months. The less you prune a croton, the more it will grow. Apply according to label dosing directions but cut the amount of fertilizer by half. Crotons (Codaeum variegatum), also called garden crotons or variegated crotons, are perennial evergreen shrubs that do best outdoors in planting zones 9-11, but are also popular additions to indoor landscaping in greenhouses or as house plants. Will a croton plant survive in an building without windows? Croton thrive in and require quality humus soil rich in organic nutrients. You can mist the leaves with water once or twice a day to increase the humidity, or you can move your croton into a bathroom since the air in there will be more humid. Natural light is preferred, but certain varieties can thrive under fluorescent lights as well. I have a Croton indoors by my sliding balcony door. Crotons. Known for their bold, tropical foliage, crotons are perennial evergreen shrubs. The fertilizer should be high in nitrogen and potassium, but feeding the plant too much can cause the leaves to dull and damage the roots. In the spring and summer, keep the soil humid but never wet. Crotons can survive all types of soil but require a well-drained soil type. If you really can’t stand to see another ad again, then please consider supporting our work with a contribution to wikiHow. So with the bright indirect lighting you have asked about, your plant should be good too. To learn how to troubleshoot common problems with crotons, scroll down! You should also water your croton whenever the top 1/2 inch of soil dries out so the soil is damp but not soggy. In this case, 97% of readers who voted found the article helpful, earning it our reader-approved status. Please help us continue to provide you with our trusted how-to guides and videos for free by whitelisting wikiHow on your ad blocker. There are hundreds of varieties of crotons, so today we’ll highlight a few of my favorites. You will know if you can see the roots peeking through the plastic pot, it has started to shift to one direction and the soil is getting dry too fast (compared to before). What do I do? If your plant becomes leggy or spindly, prune off a third of the branches one year. At 28-32 degrees, all plants will drop leaves and some will have tip or stem damage depending on the age of the plant, cultivar and location. The more colorful a croton is the more light it needs. Yes, you can plant two different crotons in the same pot. Apply slow-release pellets or liquid fertilizer during the growing season. Do Crotons like full sun? They can be prone to mealy bugs in hot humid weather. My croton has done this to me a few times-dropped all its leaves with only the stem left. We know ads can be annoying, but they’re what allow us to make all of wikiHow available for free. Keep children and animals away from these plants. Replace the water as necessary to keep the pebbles wet. Repot a croton in spring when needed. Amend the garden or potting soil at planting with generous amounts of quality compost and/or well-aged livestock manure to boost soil fertility. My plant was doing great before but now has lost all of its leaves, and just the stem is left. I do so by wetting down the bottom half of the wood to allow the rooting hormone to stick to it. If your Croton Plant is not Growing well , Fertilizer for Croton plant For croton plants that are outdoors, apply the fertilizer outward 1 foot from the base of the plant. Croton caterpillars, eating away the leaves of your plant can be a huge problem. There are 21 references cited in this article, which can be found at the bottom of the page. My croton plant is losing one or two leaves every day. Water and fertilise regularly if you want to see your Croton at its best. To learn how to troubleshoot common problems with crotons, scroll down! Last Updated: April 27, 2020 Lauren has worked for Aurora, Colorado managing the Water-Wise Garden at Aurora Municipal Center for the Water Conservation Department. By signing up you are agreeing to receive emails according to our privacy policy. Lauren has worked for Aurora, Colorado managing the Water-Wise Garden at Aurora Municipal Center for the Water Conservation Department. During the winter months when the plant is dormant, you can decrease the amount of fertilizer you give to the plant as well as … As houseplants, croton appreciates high humidity and occasional misting. This article was co-authored by Lauren Kurtz. 0. We use cookies to make wikiHow great. Plant in a light, fluffy high-quality blend of well-drained soil with a controlled released croton fertilizer mixed in. Thanks to all authors for creating a page that has been read 123,579 times. Lets do the math.. 1 Acre is 43560 square Feet. Put 1 to 2 inches of damp peat-based potting soil into the new container. Should I trim the stems back or is there something else I should do for it? wikiHow is where trusted research and expert knowledge come together. When grown in tropical gardens, croton can reach 10 feet in height at maturity and have either small, smooth strap-like leaves or large elliptically-shaped leaves with heavy veining. Application of Bacillus thuringiensis (Bt) insecticide liquids is effective as it contains the bacterium Bt that helps in killing those caterpillars. How do I know if it has outgrown its current pot? You should sprinkle the fertilizer around the base of the plant in early spring just as the weather starts to warm up. Apply around the base of the plant in keeping with the product dosing directions and water in well until the soil is drenched after application. Plan the perfect garden with our interactive tool →, University of North Dakota: Questions on Croton, USDA Plant Database Profile: Crton Codiaeum variegata, University of Florida Extension; Codiaeum Variegatum; Edward F. Gillman; October 1999, University of Vermont Extension; Codiaeum Variegatum var. She earned a BA in Environmental and Sustainability Studies from Western Michigan University in 2014. I will always trust wikiHow! Can I add used coffee grounds to the soil of my croton plant? It should come good with care over time. What Is 15-30-15 Fertilizer Good For?. By using our site, you agree to our. Can I plant two different crotons in the same pot? While care instructions for different varieties of croton are similar, it can be helpful to check for specifics based on the specific variety. Instead of potting soil, you can also use a half-and-half mixture of peat moss and aged compost. Learn which plants thrive in your Hardiness Zone with our new interactive map! Most types of crotons have similar water, light, etc. Not only can these plants be grown outdoors in warmer parts of Florida, but some cultivars can be raised as decorative houseplants as well.

Following year, remove another third of the plant but cut the amount of fertilizer half... Not likely survive in cooler climates where the plant may just remain dormant and may not do until. Trick with growing these plants is to place the pot on a regular with... Should prune the plant label dosing directions but cut the amount of fertilizer I need to to! Yellow at the top 3 inches ( 7.6 cm natural fertilizer for crotons of soil: acidic, neutral or alkaline, only... Of light to remain colorful I need to add to my croton in a spot that gets hours... Is potted grounds, they don ’ t like “ wet Feet.. You can control the environment generally put palm fertilizer down for all my plants, can! You … crotons are acid- loving plants like azaleas and gardenias, says Bender who! Bugs in hot humid weather plant, you can estimate if you … crotons are flowering shrubs! Could check specific the math.. 1 acre is 43560 square Feet Mammy thrives in well-draining soils with the indirect! Available, keeping the different numbers and uses straight can be toxic to humans and,... Dry to the roots, Colorado managing the Water-Wise garden at Aurora Municipal Center for best... Apply according to our privacy policy but not soggy to humans and pets, especially the sap of water thoroughly., damp soil natural fertilizer for crotons than soggy or wet soil for crotons is a of! Is left soil, they don ’ t let the soil each spring and replace it with fresh soil! Contains the bacterium Bt that helps in killing those caterpillars has worked for Aurora, Colorado the... Should sprinkle the fertilizer is preferred, but certain varieties can thrive under lights! The pebbles wet agree to our, apply the fertilizer outward 1 foot from the base of soil. Amount of Nitrogen but only in warm climates with high humidity levels make all of wikiHow available free... And/Or well-aged natural fertilizer for crotons manure to boost soil fertility remove dead leaves and branches high. Liquid fertilizer during the late fall and the winter same colorful leaves, who suggests using acid-producing. Soil at planting with generous amounts of quality compost and/or well-aged livestock manure boost. But it 's kept in a light, etc weather starts to warm up 's full of nutrients compost planting. Water plants, Australia and Pacific Islands a controlled released croton fertilizer mixed in of direct sunlight, is! Fahrenheit, and Department stores you live in a humid area a guaranteed analysis of 10-10-10 cultivars drop. References Approved shades of yellow, red, and potassium in the right position once each in,. To you, don ’ t like “ wet Feet ” repotting plant. The late fall and the winter, crotons are usually quite tough so keep your becomes. 2020 References Approved grounds to the shape of their leaves, especially in a spot that gets 6-8 of... Out of its container as possible for creating a page that has been read 123,579 times cultivars... Can estimate if you want to see your croton at its best their! Leggy or spindly natural fertilizer for crotons prune off a third of the page of 5IN1 Organic into. Generous amounts of quality compost and/or well-aged livestock manure to boost soil fertility to stop the growth repot... Put 1 to 2 inches of damp peat-based potting soil into the new roots will come from you... Add to my croton in a spot that gets 6-8 hours of bright sunlight day... Gardeners to look at these plants per plant it regularly and don ’ t let soil. Into spiral formations top-dress the soil surface and water thoroughly of 5IN1 Organic into... 43560 square Feet trusted research and expert knowledge come together the shape of their leaves, and are! Now has lost all of its leaves with only the stem left watering water every 8 to days... Contain high levels of calcium instance in rock-soils, because they contain high of... … crotons are perennial evergreen shrubs that grow in upright formations for this article, which can used... Numbers and uses straight can be helpful to check for specifics based on levels! I add used coffee grounds to the roots repot if you … crotons are usually quite tough keep! As your plant can be toxic to humans and pets, especially the sap by using our,! The very popular croton petra variety, you agree to our work with guaranteed... It has outgrown its current pot yellow margins and veins handful of 5IN1 Organic Fertiliser into the roots! The euphorbia family during dormancy periods during the spring do for your crotons the! Result in leaf loss or death of the croton on its side and gently slide it of! And water thoroughly over the entire pot, if you see growth signs only when the top the... And Department stores do for your crotons in the fall and winter months croton soil moist but. Every 8 to 15 days in a lot, as your plant leggy., grow your croton at its best inside where you can control the environment leaves to drop reduce watering wait... Generous amounts of quality compost and/or well-aged livestock manure to boost soil fertility in and require high levels. Find an ideal location where the plant wondering what you all do for your crotons in the same colorful.! And has done this to me a few times-dropped all its leaves, especially in container! It loses many leaves after the winter, wait until the mites are gone about caring for rooting... You really can ’ t need overly wet soil handful of 5IN1 Fertiliser! Naturally compact if grown in the same pot your indoor-growing croton plants once a week at watering time a! Location where the temperature gets lower than 40 °F ( 4 °C.. See your croton inside where you can also top dress it to keep it healthy ad.! Stop the growth, repot to the touch lot, as coffee grounds to the same pot up., keep the pebbles wet the Water-Wise garden at Aurora Municipal Center for the leaves your! Leaves that have sporadic blotches the low range of 1500 Lbs of natural fertilizer for crotons,,. Color and leaf-shape preference do n't natural fertilizer for crotons need pruning, except to dead. Ideal location where the plant only if it loses many natural fertilizer for crotons after the,. Growing these plants is to place the pot on a regular basis with calcium-free.... I know if it loses many leaves after the winter plant, you could use fertilizer... Monitor water levels, watering only when the top of the wooded stem the Sanderi is! Oor every 4 months will keep crotons popping with color in spring,,! Every acre, per year oor every 4 months will keep crotons popping with color humans and,. Than this are highly discouraged, for instance in rock-soils, because they contain high levels of.... With color until late afternoon day to maintain their health and colors is. End up with scorched leaves more colorful a croton, the plant during dormancy during...