18, xxx. The use of dried grapes or raisins as food is of great antiquity (Num. Vitis vinifera L. homotypic synonym: Vitis vinifera subsp. & Schult. NVS maintains a standard set of species code abbreviations that correspond to standard scientific plant names from the Ngä Tipu o Aotearoa - New Zealand Plants database. The Latin word Vitis has feminine grammatical gender, and therefore species names with adjectival specific epithets take feminine forms, such as V. vinifera. ex Steud. Legal Status. Vitis vinifera : Source: Vitaceae of North America Update, database (version 2011) Acquired: 2011 : Notes: Updated for ITIS by the Flora of North America Expertise Network, in connection with an update for USDA PLANTS (2007-2010) Reference for: Vitis vinifera : Publication(s): Author(s)/Editor(s): Publication Date: Article/Chapter Title: Rank: species. Ripe grapes were used for the treatment of cancer, cholera, smallpox, nausea, skin and eye infections as well as kidney and liver diseases. Preferred Names. Ecuador, Monogr. Heuzé V., Thiollet H., Tran G., 2017. The Vitis Vinifera Awards recognise quality wines and grape derived spirits that are available to the majority of consumers. This plant is listed by the U.S. federal government or a state. Missouri Bot. vinifera restricted to cultivated forms. sylvestris (q.v.). Grape leaves and vine shoots. Cultivars of Vitis vinifera form the basis of the majority of wines produced around the world. Noxious Weed Information. [12], Between the Low Middle Ages and the Renaissance, viticulture began to flourish again. Molina Rosito, A. Vitis vinifera. Cissus vinifera (L.) Kuntze Projects: Bolivia, China, Ecuador, IPCN, Mesoamericana, Nicaragua, Pakistan, Peru Common Names: angur (Pakistan) No References available grape No References available pu tao No References available wine grape (English) USDA, NRCS. [10][11], Grape growing was a significant economic activity in the Middle east up to the 7th century, when the expansion of Islam caused it to decline. Vitaceae. The earliest evidence of domesticated grapes has been found at Gadachrili Gora, near the village of Imiri, Marneuli Municipality, in southeastern Georgia; carbon-dating points to the date of about 6000 BC. The wild grape is often classified as V. vinifera subsp. Las cifras entre paréntesis se refieren a la frecuencia del vocablo en España.[8]​. (eds.) [23][24], In Ayurveda, Vitis vinifera (kalidraksha) is known for its antioxidants, which are essential for improving a persons appetite and metabolism. Vitis vinifera L. homotypic synonym: Vitis vinifera subsp. raisin, grape; Lat. This scientific literature review is the initial step in preparing a safety assessment of the following 22 Vitis Vinifera (Grape) derived ingredients as used in cosmetic formulations: Vitis Vinifera (Grape) Vitis Vinifera (Grape) Bud Extract Vitis Vinifera (Grape) Flower Extract Vitis Vinifera (Grape) Fruit Extract Catálogo taxonómico de especies de México. 2: 138 : Vitaceae : Vitis vinifera var. The grape is eaten fresh, processed to make wine, vinegar or juice, or dried to produce raisins. Vitis vinifera (grape vine) is a flowering plant of the family Vitaceae which includes the Virginia creeper. sylvestris (in some classifications considered Vitis sylvestris), with V. vinifera subsp. Inst. (synonym) Vitis apiana Rafin. [15] This work was a collaboration between Italian researchers (Consorzio Interuniversitario Nazionale per la Biologia Molecolare delle Piante, Istituto di Genomica Applicata) and French researchers (Genoscope and Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique). Wild grapes were harvested by neolithic foragers and early farmers. multiloba Kuntze. Grapes(vitis vinifera) ppt 1. [27] Anthocyanins can be found in the skin of the berries, hydroxycinnamic acids in the pulp and condensed tannins of the proanthocyanidins type in the seeds. In C. L. Hitchcock Vasc. Curated hierarchies for Vitis labrusca × Vitis vinifera. Kuntze: synonym for Vitis tiliifolia Humb. 1994. México 4: i–v, 1–246. Trans-resveratrol is a phytoalexin produced against the growth of fungal pathogens such as Botrytis cinerea[28] and delta-viniferin is another grapevine phytoalexin produced following fungal infection by Plasmopara viticola.[29]. Se habla de un vino monovarietal, si está hecho con un único viduño. A veces se denomina a la vid con el nombre de parra —en particular aquella cuyo producto es la uva de mesa—, aunque en fruticultura se denomina parral o parra a un sistema de conducción de las plantas de vid en altura, usado particularmente para ejemplares de producción cuidada, ya que sus uvas se destinan al consumo en fresco. Grapevine leaves are filled with minced meat (such as lamb, pork or beef), rice and onions in the making of Balkan traditional dolma. [18] Further evidence shows the Mesopotamians and Ancient Egyptians had vine plantations and winemaking skills. 1975. Flower. Vitis vinifera cultivation and winemaking in China began during the Han Dynasty in the 2nd century[19] with the importation of the species from Ta-Yuan. Vitis vinifera. Seed plants of the high Andes of Ecuador–A checklist. La yema principal es la que brota más frecuentemente y se compone de tres yemas: primaria, secundaria y terciaria, siendo la más importante la yema primaria porque trae la producción de la temporada. These are strongly odoriferous compounds, such as β-ionone (aroma of viola), damascenone (aroma of exotic fruits), β-damascone (aroma of rose) and β-ionol (aroma of flowers and fruits). Como consecuencia de su evolución como cultivo, se distinguen diversos cultivares. The Greeks took the art of viticulture around the Mediterranean and the Romans spread the knowledge up the river valleys into France and Germany. Bot. 1. A veces se denomina a la vid con el nombre de … Pool & O.M. El tronco, retorcido, tortuoso y de hasta 6m de largo, presenta una corteza gruesa y áspera que se desprende en tiras longitudinales. If only one gene had been mutated, most grapes would still be red and we would not have the more than 3000 white grape cultivars available today. INTRODUCTION:- It is a deciduous crop. In Europe, Vitis vinifera is concentrated in the central and southern regions; in Asia, in the western regions such as Anatolia, the Caucasus, the Middle East, and in China; in Africa, along the northern Mediterranean coast and in South Africa; in North America, in California and also other areas like Michigan, New Mexico, New York, Oregon, Washington state, British Columbia, Ontario and Québec; in South America in Chile, Argentina, Uruguay, Peru and Brazil; and in Oceania in Australia and New Zealand. Color: Yellow, white Bloom Time: Spring. The fruit of several Vitis species are grown commercially for consumption as fresh grapes and for fermentation into wine. It is used to treat unspecified medicinal disorders. Oxidation of carotenoids produces volatile fragments, C13-norisoprenoids. There are currently between 5,000 and 10,000 varieties of Vitis vinifera grapes though only a few are of commercial significance for wine and table grape production. Main Bloom Time: Late spring, Mid spring. [citation needed]. Los sépalo están soldados e inconspicuos, a veces reducidos a un anillo. [1] There are currently between 5,000 and 10,000 varieties of Vitis vinifera grapes though only a few are of commercial significance for wine and table grape production.[2]. CONABIO, Mexico City. [5], The first written accounts of grapes and wine can be found in the Epic of Gilgamesh, an ancient Sumerian text from the 3rd millennium BC. Melatonin, an alkaloid, has been identified in grape. All of the familiar wine varieties belong to Vitis vinifera, which is cultivated on every continent except for Antarctica, and in all the major wine regions of the world. It then spread to Eqypt and Phoenicia and around 4,000 years ago to Greece. root. Bloom Color: Yellow. The leaves are alternate, palmately lobed, 5–20 cm (2.0–7.9 in) long and broad. Vinifera: Scientific name of the primary species of Vitis (vines) used for winemaking. 12). La yema latente brota solo en condiciones extremas como una fuerte fertilización nitrogenada o una poda excesiva, dando origen a un brote muy vigoroso en madera vieja (tronco por ejemplo) llamado "chupón". Scientific name Source Vitis vinifera subsp. Noxious Weed Information. Taxonomy ID: 29760 (for references in articles please use NCBI:txid29760) current name. The Order of Vitis Vinifera is a quest item in the Blood and Wine expansion, which is considered the highest honor in Toussaint. It is a proprietary recipe in Ayurveda created by Shri Pappy Vaidyar back in 1930.[26]. Subordinate Taxa. Purple. Botanical name: Vitis vinifera; Common name: Grapevine ; Family: Vitaceae ; Plant Type: Fruit, Deciduous ; Foliage colour: Golden. Los estambres son erectos al principio, después reflejos. The fruit is a berry, known as a grape; in the wild species it is 6 mm (0.24 in) diameter and ripens dark purple to blackish with a pale wax bloom; in cultivated plants it is usually much larger, up to 3 cm (1.2 in) long, and can be green, red, or purple (black). Scientific Names. [citation needed], During the 3rd and 4th centuries AD, the long crisis of the Roman Empire generated instability in the countryside which led to a reduction of viticulture in general, which was mainly sustained only close to towns and cities and along coastlines. La vid presenta requerimientos de frío para una adecuada ruptura de la dormición e inicio de la nueva estación de crecimiento. Jørgensen, P. M. & C. Ulloa Ulloa. L., … Hitchcock, C. H., A.J. Family: Vitaceae Juss. See Growing Vines for more details. It is a liana growing to 32 m (35 yd) in length, with flaky bark. ex Roem. Hickman, J. C. 1993. Infraspecies recognized by EOL Dynamic Hierarchy 0.9. Nature published the genome sequence of V. vinifera L. : Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh (2001) Vitis vinifera subsp. Vitis vinifera produces nearly all the world's wines (certainly all the world's best wines). African Flowering Plants Database - Base de Donnees des Plantes a Fleurs D'Afrique. Infraspecies recognized by GBIF classification. Pool. This literature can be considered the origin of modern ampelography. Se cree originaria del suroeste de Asia y del centro y suroeste de Europa. Esta página se editó por última vez el 17 jun 2020 a las 18:30. Gmel.) Seedless grape varieties were developed to appeal to consumers, but researchers are now discovering that many of the healthful properties of grapes may actually come from the seeds themselves, thanks to their enriched phytochemical content. 1999. Los pétalos son verdosos, coalescentes en la parte superior, y precozmente caducos. There are no common names associated with this taxon. Bot. V. vinifera contains many phenolic compounds. In March 2007, scientists from Australia's Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation (CSIRO), working in the Cooperative Research Centre for Viticulture, reported that their "research suggests that extremely rare and independent mutations in two genes [VvMYBA1 and VvMYBA2 of red grapes] produced a single white grapevine that was the parent of almost all of the world's white grape varieties. Enumeración de las plantas de Honduras. vi. PRESENTED BY:- ANKIT VIKRAM SINGH CULTIVATION OF GRAPES 2. llegó a contar hasta cinco mil variedades cultivadas;[4]​ lo cual puede resultar un tanto exagerado, ya que es probable que una misma variedad reciba distintos nombres locales; cada región se precia de tener su cultivar propio, al que pone un nombre particular, además esta se cultiva mayormente en las zonas más húmedas para que así su producción sea mayor. [7], Cultivation of the domesticated grape spread to other parts of the Old World in pre-historic or early historic times. Wild grapes thrived in the warm, damp, wooded lowland valleys from Turkestan, deep in Asia, through Armenia into Thrace. Pacif. For thousands of years, the fruit has been harvested for both medicinal and nutritional value; its history is intimately entwined with the history of wine. Vitis vinifera var. En: Stevens, W.D., C. Ulloa, A. México. Univ. Actualmente su uso se extiende por todos los países de climas templados. Puede producir fruta aunque esta será de baja calidad. 75: i–viii, 1–1181. Listados Floríst. Native Introduced Native and Introduced. Assessment report on Vitis vinifera L., folium . NCBI. & Bonpl. Genus: Vitis L. Vitis vinifera L.; This species is accepted, and its native range is S. Central & SE. 85(3): 2536–2543. The Vitis family consists of about 60 inter-fertile species that exist almost exclusively in the Northern Hemisphere: of those, V. vinifera is the only one extensively used in the global wine industry. Vitis vinifera L. ssp. For thousands of years, the fruit has been harvested for both medicinal and nutritional value; its history is intimately entwined with the history of wine.[3]. Ceiba 19(1): 1–118. Los zarcillos, bifurcados, están opuestos a las hojas y se enroscan y endurecen en cuanto encuentran soporte. [citation needed], Grapes followed European colonies around the world, coming to North America around the 17th century, and to Africa, South America and Australia. RAISIN (Fr. [20] In traditional medicine of India V. vinifera is used in prescriptions for cough, respiratory tract catarrh, subacute cases of enlarged liver and spleen, as well as in alcohol-based tonics (Aasavs). Green. Notes. Common names are from state and federal lists. La vid o parra, cuyo nombre científico es Vitis vinifera, es una planta semileñosa o trepadora que cuando se deja crecer libremente puede alcanzar más de 30 m, pero que, por la acción humana, podándola anualmente, queda reducida a un pequeño arbusto de 1 m. Su fruto, la uva, es comestible y materia prima para la fabricación de vino y otras bebidas alcohólicas. (synonym) Vitis apyrena Hort. Vitis vinifera L. Details; Images (6) Synonyms (6) References (20) Subordinate Taxa; Specimens; Distributions (24) Chromosome Counts (4) Plant Profile; Records 1 - 36 of 36 Page of 1 Family! AAU Rep. 34: 1–443. La importancia económica de la vid, es extraordinaria: la uva es uno de los frutos más apreciados, nutritivos y rico en vitamina C, secas constituyen las pasas o sultanas, muy nutritivas y utilizadas en medicina popular como expectorantes; las uvas inmaduras se consideran refrescantes; de los sarmientos mana en primavera el agua de cepa, que se considera diurética; los pámpanos y brotes tiernos son ricos en taninos y antocianos, empleados como astringente contra las diarreas, hemorragias nasales (en forma de polvo), las uvas maduras tienen también propiedades laxantes —lo mismo que el mosto— y son ricas en ácidos orgánicos y azúcares reductores. Vitis vinifera var. An updated and annotated check list of the vascular plants of the Galapagos Islands. The Benedictines and others extended the grape growing limit northwards and also planted new vineyards at higher altitudes than was customary before. [citation needed], Between the 5th and 10th centuries, viticulture was sustained almost exclusively by the different religious orders in monasteries. Cat. Europe to Central Asia and N. Iran. The Jepson Manual: Higher Plants of California 1–1400. wild grape. 2007. Vitis vinifera is the fourth angiosperm species whose genome has been completely sequenced. Flora de Chiapas. This plant has no children. Scientific name i: Vitis vinifera: Taxonomy navigation › Vitis. The species typically occurs in humid forests and streamsides. Other historical uses include the leaves being used to stop bleeding, pain and inflammation of hemorrhoids. Scientific Name: Vitis L. (Vitaceae) vinifera L. Related Plants 'Apiifolia' 'Brandt' 'Chardonnay Dijon 76' 'Pinot Gris 152' 'Purpurea' 'Variegata' Nursery Availability Cronquist, F. M. Ownbey & J. W. Thompson. Authority: Linnaeus. Part III: 614pp. Browse Plants by Scientific Name; Browse Plants by Common Name; Browse Plants by Genus; Browse Plants by Family; Browse Plants by USDA Hardiness Zone; Browse Plants by Origin; About Plants & Flowers; Cultivation. Cissus vinifera. Scientific Names. … Final . [32] In addition, seeds are rich in unsaturated fatty acids, which helps lowering levels of total cholesterol and LDL cholesterol in the blood. All lower taxonomy nodes (2) Common name i: Grape: Synonym i-Other names i ›Vitis vinifera L. ›Vitis vinifera subsp. Aarhus 16: 1–74. General Care; Light Requirements; ... Browsing: Vitis vinifera . Scientific Name. En francés, cépage, en italiano vitigno. Using the sap of grapevines, European folk healers sought to cure skin and eye diseases. Por lo general son ramas improductivas y denominadas "feminela". Pero la importancia mayor de la vid es para obtener, por fermentación del mosto, el vino y todos sus derivados: alcohol, vinagre, etc. Jørgensen, P. M. & S. León-Yánez. Las ramas jóvenes, denominadas sarmientos, son flexibles y muy engrosadas en los nudos; alternando sobre ellas se disponen las hojas, grandes (hasta 14 por 12 cm), de estipulas caducas, tienen el limbo suborbicular, palmatilobado o subentero, irregularmente dentado, obtuso, agudo o ligeramente acuminado, cordado, glabro, pubescente -aracnoideo o tomentoso-aracnoideo; se las suele llamar pámpanas. Form: Irregular or sprawling, Spreading or horizontal, Variable spread. Greek philosophers praised the healing powers of grapes both whole and in the form of wine. Vitis vinifera is a liana that grows up to 35 yards (32 m) in length, with flaky bark. Preferred name: Vitis vinifera. Vitis vinifera L. (Vite comune) Dipartimento di Scienze della Vita, Università di Trieste - Progetto Dryades - Picture by Andrea Moro - Comune di Merano, Giardini di Castel Trauttmansdorff, BZ, Trentino-Alto Adige/Südtirol, Italia, - Image licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial Share-Alike 3.0 License 1. Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis. Vine cultivation and wine production kicked off in Armenia. Carotenoids accumulate in ripening grape berries. vinifera.[14]. Vitis vinifera L. Common Names. In Capital Nat. [13], V. vinifera accounts for the majority of world wine production; all of the most familiar grape varieties used for wine production belong to V. GRAPES BOTANICAL NAME-VITIS VINIFERA Scientific classification:- Kingdom: Plantae Division: Magnoliophyta Class: Magnoliopsida Order: Vitales Family: Vitaceae Genus: Vitis L. 3. Lawesson, J. E., H. Adsersen & P. Bentley. The results of this analysis contribute significantly to understanding the evolution of plants over time and of the genes involved in the aromatic characteristics of wine. Scientific Name Author Reference Date; Vitaceae : Vitis vinifera var. The grape vine is native to the Mediterranean and Asia Minor, and was first cultivated by man over 5,000 years ago. Hesiod in his Works and Days gives detailed descriptions of grape harvests and wine making techniques, and there are also many references in Homer. Pomp and Strange Circumstance Vitis Vinifera is the scientific name for the common grape vine. [citation needed], Much was written during the Renaissance on grape growing and wine production, favouring a more scientific approach. Saxifragaceae to Ericaceae. Se denomina viña al terreno plantado con vides y si es muy extenso se le llama viñedo. [25] It's often mixed with amla, cinnamon, cardamom and other herbs along with spices to create "Blood in Draksha", which will uplift a persons mind and body. Legal Status. AFPD. Se [21], In the Mediterranean Basin, leaves and young stems are traditionally used to feed sheep and goats after grapevine pruning.[22]. Kuntze. Species recognized by NCBI and Global Biotic Interactions. 'Vitis; nombre genérico que es tomado directamente del latín vītis, vitis, la vid, el sarmiento, vitis vinea siendo el vino[6]​, Parra (26), parra bravía, parra cultivada, parra de uvas, parra silvestre (2), parral (2), parras (2), parreña, parriza, parrucha, parrón (4), vid (34), vid común (3), vid cultivada (2), vid silvestre, vides, vidueño (3), viduño (3), vinagrera, viña (8), viña roja, viñas, viñedo. Vitis vinifera ssp. Vitis vinifera, the common grape vine, is a species of Vitis, native to the Mediterranean region, Central Europe, and southwestern Asia, from Morocco and Portugal north to southern Germany and east to northern Iran. Hamilton, C. W. & A. Feedipedia, a programme by INRA, CIRAD, AFZ and FAO. CONABIO. vinifera. In the second half of the 20th century there was a shift in attitude in viticulture from traditional techniques to the scientific method based on fields such as microbiology, chemistry and ampelography. racemus), the name given to the dried fruits of certain varieties of the grape vine, Vitis vinifera, which grow principally in the warm climate of the Mediterranean coasts and are comparatively rich in sugar. & Schult. multiloba (Raf.) Var. Syst. However, wild vine "mountain grapes" like Vitis thunbergii were being used for wine making before that time. There are no common names associated with this taxon. Se emplea también la palabra cepa o uva isabela. Flora de Nicaragua. vinifera. El ovario tiene forma de ovoidea a globosa, con 1 solo estigma. Phylloxera. The National Vegetation Survey (NVS) Databank is a physical archive and electronic databank containing records of over 94,000 vegetation survey plots - including data from over 19,000 permanent plots. Vitis vinifera is the most important such species. Gard. Now cultivated in suitable climates worldwide. Vitis vinifera. Approximately 10,000 cultivars of V. vinifera exist today, although the market for wine production is dominated by only a handful of them. 1987. Add a photo to this gallery La yema pronta (o yema anticipada) es una yema que puede brotar en la misma temporada que la yema principal dando origen a un brote anticipado. Rep. Bot. N.W.. University of Washington Press, Seattle. Pl. Uses. Genbank common name: wine grape. (synonym) Vitis apiifolia Hort. Otros países con tradición en la producción de vino también tienen palabra específica. Later, North American rootstocks became widely used to graft V. vinifera cultivars so as to withstand the presence of phylloxera. sylvestris (C.C.Gmel.) sylvestris. En La Rioja y la parte oriental de Cuenca y Albacete se emplea la palabra "majuelo" para designar la vid nueva. Apart from 'ecclesiastical' viticulture, there also developed, especially in France, a 'noble' viticulture, practiced by the aristocracy as a symbol of prestige. Genbank common name: wine grape. Pl. Common Names. acetaria: Raf. Syst. [9], The ancient Romans further developed the techniques learnt from the Etruscans, as shown by numerous works of literature containing information that is still valid today: De Agri Cultura (around 160 BC) by Cato the Elder, De re rustica by Marcus Terentius Varro, the Georgics by Virgil and De re rustica by Columella. Cuando a finales del siglo XIX los viñedos europeos fueron arrasados por la filoxera, devastador insecto picador que destruye las raíces, se importaron cepas resistentes desde América, a donde se había traído anteriormente a esta peste. El fruto es una baya globosa u oblongoidea, con 2-4 semillas piriformes ovoides con chalaza elíptica, 2 surcos longitudinales separado por una cresta aguda, el ápice redondeado, y el endospermo trilobulado.[1]​[2]​. Scientific name Name status Group Source database; Vitis vinifera L. accepted name: Plantae: Vitis vinifera Marshall: ambiguous synonym for Vitis aestivalis Michx. Gard. [4][5][6], Grape pips dating back to the 5th–4th millennium BC were also found in Shulaveri; others dating back to the 4th millennium BC were also found in Khizanaant Gora, all in the country of Georgia. 1961. Mediterranean and Central Europe, Central Asia. sylvestris (C.C. Hay también palabras específicas, “viduño” —viduño Viura, viduño Zinfandel, viduño Merlot etc— para designar las diversas variedades de la vid. Unripe grapes were used for treating sore throats, and raisins were given as treatments for consumption (tuberculosis), constipation and thirst. Hegi – wild grape. Las flores son hermafroditas o unisexuales, reunidas en panículas laterales opuestas a las hojas. This plant is listed by the U.S. federal government or a state. El nombre común del género sería derivado del celta gwid o wid: árbol, arbusto, (el mejor de los árboles). Estos requerimientos de frío son muy variables, según los cultivares: desde 500 a 1400 horas de frío, aunque en la actualidad existen variedades cultivadas con un requerimiento de solo 100 horas.[3]​. De este modo, se logró injertar las razas de Vitis vinifera europeas sobre las raíces «americanas». La vid posee tres tipos de yemas: yema principal, yema pronta y yema latente. Family: Vitaceae Genus: Vitis. Vitis vinifera red cultivars are rich in anthocyanins that impart their colour to the berries (generally in the skin). Por ejemplo, Zinfandel no es un "varietal", sino un viduño. 2009. Bot. ex Roem. Accepted scientific name: Vitis vinifera L. (accepted name) Synonyms: Cissus vinifera (L.) Kuntze (synonym) Vitis alexandrina Fisch. Scientific Classification. vinifera. 2001. 2. Description. Most other competitions focus on aspirational products in the ultra-premium segment of the market, which tends to enhance the perception that good products are out of reach of the average consumer. Vasc. "[16][17], Use of grapes is known to date back to Neolithic times, following the discovery in 1996 of 7,000-year-old wine storage jars in present-day northern Iran. Wild grapes were harvested by neolithic foragers and early farmers. Med. xxv. Vitis vinifera, the common grape vine, is a species of Vitis, native to the Mediterranean region, Central Europe, and southwestern Asia, from Morocco and Portugal north to southern Germany and east to northern Iran. The Etruscans improved wine making techniques and developed an export trade even beyond the Mediterranean basin. J. E., H. Adsersen & P. Bentley dioecious ( male and female flowers separate... Of several Vitis species are grown commercially for consumption ( tuberculosis ), with flaky bark 2.0–7.9 )... Encuentran soporte Database - Base de Donnees des Plantes a Fleurs D'Afrique emplea también la palabra o. Por Carlos Linneo y publicado en species Plantarum 1: 202 of great antiquity ( Num there are common! Religious orders in monasteries, arbusto, ( vitis vinifera scientific name mejor de los )... Yemas: yema principal, yema pronta y yema latente uso se extiende por todos países. Su evolución como cultivo, se distinguen diversos cultivares & se Browsing Vitis. 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